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Stephen Friel Nuckolls (August 16, 1825 – February 14, 1879) was a Delegate from the Territory of Wyoming and co-founder of Nebraska City, Nebraska. Nuckolls County, Nebraska is named after him.
Nuckolls was born in Grayson County, Virginia, where he completed preparatory studies. He moved to Linden, Missouri in 1846. He engaged in mercantile pursuits from 1847 to 1853. After that he moved to the Territory of Nebraska in 1854 and founded Nebraska City. He held several local offices in Nebraska City. In 1855 he established the Platte Valley Bank. Nuckolls served in the Nebraska Territorial Legislature in 1859. Nuckolls was known for bringing the first four slaves into Nebraska, two of whom escaped in 1858. Nuckolls offered a $200 reward for the return of the two women, known as "Eliza," 16 and "Celia," 14, and organized a posse that pursued the two all the way to Chicago. Although Eliza was initially caught in the city of Chicago, the young woman once again escaped and eventually settled in Canada. Meanwhile, after capturing Eliza, Nuckolls was hunted down by a mob of abolitionists, managing only to escape by sneaking out in a disguise furnished by city councilman Hiram Joy. The 500-mile journey of the two young women from Nebraska City to Chicago was recreated by a group of high school students in 2016. Nuckolls moved to the Territory of Colorado in 1860 and engaged in banking and mining. In 1864 he moved to New York City. He moved to the Territory of Dakota in 1867 and settled in Cheyenne. In Cheyenne he engaged in mercantile pursuits. Upon the organization of the Territory of Wyoming he was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-first Congress and served from December 6, 1869, to March 3, 1871. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1870 to the Forty-second Congress. He resumed his mercantile pursuits. Nuckolls served as a member of the second legislative council of Wyoming in 1871 and served as presiding officer. He served as delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1872 and 1876. He moved to Salt Lake City, Utah, in July 1872 and engaged in milling. In Salt Lake City he died on February 14, 1879. He is interred in Mount Olivet Cemetery in Salt Lake City.
United States Congress. "Stephen Friel Nuckolls (id: N000166)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Stephen Friel Nuckolls at Find a Grave U.S. House of Representatives Preceded by none District created Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Wyoming Territory's at-large congressional district March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 Succeeded by William Theopilus Jones v t e Members of the United States House of Representatives from Wyoming Territorial (1869–1890) Nuckolls Jones Steele Corlett Downey Post Carey One At-large seat (1890-present) Clark Coffeen Mondell Osborne Mondell Winter Carter Greever Horton McIntyre Barrett Harrison Thomson Harrison Roncalio Harrison Wold Roncalio D. Cheney Thomas Cubin Lummis L. Cheney v t e Nebraska City Locations Places of interest Arbor Lodge State Historical Park and Arboretum Grand Army of the Republic Memorial Hall Mayhew Cabin Steinhart Park Churches First United Methodist Church St. Benedict's Catholic Church St. Mary's Catholic Church Education Lourdes Central Catholic High School Nebraska City High School NCECBVI Other Nebraska City Bridge Nebraska City Municipal Airport News-Press Otoe County Courthouse People Historical figures Monroe Hayward Alexander Majors Julius Sterling Morton Joy Morton Paul Morton Stephen Friel Nuckolls William Hepburn Russell William B. Waddell Recent residents Leland Hayward Julie Hermann Cheri Becerra-Madsen Joe Ricketts Pete Ricketts This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.